Pour Max Weber, qui se consolide comme responsable de la classification la plus célèbre des types d'actions sociales, nous pouvons mettre en évidence les types suivants:

  • actions rationnelles en ce qui concerne les valeurs: Les actions entreprises basées sur les valeurs de l'individu, but without thinking about the consequences and often without considering whether the means chosen are appropriate to achieve it.
  • Rational actions regarding ends (also known as action for ends, from the German zweckrational): actions planned and taken after evaluating the end in relation to other ends, and after considering various means (and consequences) to achieve them. An example would be most economic transactions.
  • Affective actions: actions taken due to the individual’s emotions, to express personal feelings. As examples, celebrating after victory, crying at a funeral, would be emotional actions.
  • Traditional actions: actions based on rooted tradition. An example would be to relax on Sundays and put on lighter clothes. Some traditional actions can become a cultural artifact.

These actions are the basis for the execution of projects at BITNART